Oral Pathology (Biopsy)


The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any change in the appearance or how this tissue feels inside the mouth could be a warning that some sort of pathologic process is present. The most serious of these is oral cancer. The following changes are the most common signs that we look for in identifying pathologic changes in the oral mucosa:


  • Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth

  • A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily

  • A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth

  • Chronic sore throat or hoarseness

  • Difficulty in chewing or swallowing


These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face and/or neck. Pain does not always occur with pathology, and curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer. However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer.


Do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores. Please contact us so we may help.


While oral cancer is the most serious type of pathology that can occur in the mouth, most pathology found in the oral and maxillofacial region is not cancerous. Some pathology causes no discomfort or dysfunction. Other types can be quite uncomfortable or debilitating and may indicate more widespread systemic issues. Dr. Serra takes great pride in his range of experience in diagnosing and treating oral pathology. You should never ignore anything unusual or abnormal that is noticed in your mouth or surrounding region. Serious things are almost always most successfully treated with early discovery. Since most pathology is not cancerous, most of our patients who come in for a pathology consultation arrive worried and leave with peace of mind.

Dental Cleaning  |  Oral Cancer Screening  |  Scaling and Root Planing  |  Periodontal Pocket Reduction  Regeneration  |  Dental Implants  |  Bone Graft  |  Gum Graft  |  Crown Lengthening  |  Frenectomy

Tooth Exposure  |  Oral Pathology / Biopsy  |  Circumferential Fiberotomy  |  Conscious Sedation